4. Idea For A Universal History

   

 
 
The Indo-European Migrations 

  

Section 4.5.1




 
World History 
And The Eonic Effect

Civilization, Darwinism, And Theories of Evolution
4th Edition
The Book
By  John Landon

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 CHAPTERS:
 

 

 
 

 
4. Idea For A Universal History  
    4.1 A Short History of The World  
       4.1.1 The Modern Turn: Looking Backward          
    4.2 Big Histories, Universal Histories  
       4.2.1 In Search of The Big Bang 
       4.2.2 From Life's Origin to The Dawn of Human Culture  
    4.3 Neolithic Beginnings  
       4.3.1 Fields of Diffusion  
       4.3.2 Genesis of the Great Religions 
       4.3.3 The Tower of Babel           
   4.4 Egypt, Sumer and The 'Rise of Civilization'  
      4.4.1 Sumer and The Cuneiform Civilization
      4.4.2 Egypt: A Synchronous 'Axial' Effect
NOTES  
   4.5 From Akkad to The Assyrians...and Israel...  
      4.5.1 The Indo-European Migrations  
      4.5.2 The Curse of Mideonic Empire 

Next: 
 5. Symphony of Emergence

 
  
        

    World History And The Eonic Effect: Fourth Edition

     4.5.1 The Indo-European Migrations

 

The next era of the coming Axial Age will show what is tantamount to a whole new cast of peoples, with a remarkable series of diverse transitional cultures, from Rome to China , among them the new cultures of the Indo-European diaspora that will enter the outstanding oikoumene from central Asia . A great deal of nonsense has arisen over the Indo-European question, and a false mystique has arisen as a result. But a closer look shows merely the non-paradox of highly intelligent streams of exterior tribalisms entering the ‘sequence’ of the eonic effect. The process transforms the entry material and makes it contribute toward the larger history of civilization. The perfect example of that is the stream and sequence aspects of the Homeric corpus which enters the eonic sequence in its transformed glory with perfect timing. This stream and sequence analysis accounts much better for the facts (despite its inherent mysteriousness), once we grasp how to apply the distinction.

The eonic effect shows the remarkable way in which a basic architecture of civilization emerges as a series of invariants passed on between transient cultures, and the system is invigorated and spread at each stage of its expansion by the entry of new peoples. This is the stream and sequence effect in which streams of people intersect with the eonic sequence and produce a set of new mixtures of the inherited tradition refreshed by the contributions of newcomers. This effect is especially notable in the next coming era after the Egyptians and the Sumerians. The exact details and history of the Indo-Europeans is very controversial and subject to a great many rival scholarly hypotheses, but the basic outline is clear. From somewhere in central Eurasia, probably the steppes between the southern Urals, the northern Caucasus and the Black Sea, the proto-Indo-Europeans, with their characteristic language and culture, began a series of migrations that produced the Italic, Greek, Hittite, Iranian, and Indic branches, among others, that will set the stage for a whole series of new civilizations and their literatures. Their association with the horse and then the technology of the chariot is decisive in their success in entering, and then often dominating, the older sphere of civilization.

It is clear that the issue of the proto-Indo-Europeans and their homeland remains an unresolved historical riddle, and one recent controversy, for example, has the original exodus area in India . The controversy over the so-called Aryan Invasion theory whereby the invading ‘Aryans’ of the Indo-European diaspora took over India, subjugating the indigenous peoples, is now a highly politicized debate in which the imperialistic propaganda of the old British Empire is charged with colonialist mythology. This issue has raised a set of important questions about the history of religion in India , but it has not clarified the Indo-European question. The critics of the Aryan invasion theory are perhaps correct in one way to see that the elements of Hinduism predate the appearance of the Vedic groups, but it then follows that the Rig Veda is not the source of the later religious culture of yogic action that we see in Buddhism. In another strain of interpretation, the question of the Indo-European homeland is connected to that of the Neolithic origins of agriculture and the ancestral Indo-Europeans are thought to have sourced in the Anatolian sphere, spreading their language with the diffusion of the new technology of farming culture.[i]

Perhaps the problem is simpler than we think, and the original hypotheses are essentially correct, or at least provide us with a general framework and starting point: we have a central Eurasian cultural complex, somewhere north of the Black Sea, with a proto-Indo-European language and culture, and this culture spreads in three waves, each of which corresponds, most remarkably, to a distinct set of phonemic differentiations. The first group comprises the Anatolian, and Tokharian branches, the second, the Germanic, Italic, Greek, Indic, and Armenian, and the third, the Celtic, Slavic, Baltic, Albanian, and Iranian. That the Indic and the Iranian are in separate groups is surprising, but the closeness of the anomalous, and artificial, Avestan to Vedic Sanskrit has confused the issue of their different phasings. This first wave of migration occurs at the end of the third millennium, the second around the seventeenth century BCE, and the third around the beginning of the first millennium. These migrations resulted in the creation of creoles in the areas in which the migrants settled, and this process is clearly visible in the history of the Greeks, while in India , for example, the exact sequence of events is less clear. The association of this proto-Indo-European people with the horse, and later the chariot, is clear and the reason for their success in entering the old oikoumene.[ii]

The clearest example of this process is that of the Greeks, who show all the combinations of stream and sequence dynamics in our sense, entering into Greece in the second millennium in the second wave of the diaspora (in this case perhaps with a genuine invasion of peoples), becoming the disciples of the general Diffusion Field of Egypt/Sumer via the Minoans in the emergence of the Mycenaean world. The sudden passing of this world and the resulting Dark Age of Greece sets the stage for the ‘sequence intersection’ phase of the greater eonic sequence in the Axial Age. This is the classic flowering of Classical Greece beginning with the first fruit of Indo-European linguistic vigor, the epic series of the Iliad and the Odyssey, among other sagas, as these are written down by ‘Homer’ in the eighth century BCE. The primordial elements of epic, bard, and mythology are not entirely clear from the record of proto-Indo-Europeans, but the example of Greek literature, and culture, is an almost perfect example of the stream and sequence dynamic, as the stream of archaic literary tradition, in its oral transmission, suddenly, almost magical, blooms in the sequence field of the Axial Age. In fact this dynamic will grace both the Indo-European and Semitic streams, and the Old Testament, next to the Iliad, will be the great exemplar of a new literature of a people in parallel to the Greek and other instances in the second cycle of our eonic epochs.

 

    Notes

   Web:  chap4_5_1.htm

 

[i] Nicholas Wade, op. cit., Chapter 10, “Language”.

[ii] Christopher Beckwith, Empires Of The Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

 

 
 


 

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Last modified: 09/23/2010